Acrylic art, kinds and tips for beginners!
Acrylic paints can be used in different ways, from the creation of unusual and remarkable effects in watercolor painting to heavy layered and textured pictures. Working process with acrylic offers a wide range of features and options.
Many different materials can be mixed with the acrylic to create a unique texture and surface. To improve the acrylic art and to create new amazing unexpected effects artist can mix both well-known materials and test new completely unusual applying the whole range of ingenious features.
About acrylic art in general – its history and kinds
The richness of plastic and scenic features of acrylic paints can be traced in large-scale and expressive canvases of the artists and innovator Morris Louis (1912-1962), Andy Warhol (1928-1987) who worked in the style of pop art in the 1960s, symbolic works of David Hockney (1937) and later psychological compositions of Paula Rego (1935).
Acrylic resinous substances were obtained in Germany in the beginning of 20th century and developed in the US by «Rohm and Haas» at the end of the 1920s. Discovered method resins with organic solvents breeding led to the invention of acrylic paints.
By the end of 1940s first mass production of acrylic paints was launched in the United States.
Such artists started to work with them as Helen Frankenteyler and Morris Louis. In the second half of the 1950s water-soluble emulsion was discovered. American painter Frank Stella (1936) began to explore the possibilities of acrylic paints. Starting with simple monochrome works, he finished acrylic painting on canvas whose coloristic system has an extraordinary wealth. In the 1960s, acrylic paint was used in the United Kingdom.
In the end of 1950 – at the beginning of the 1960s, Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol laid the foundation for the American pop art, paving the connection between art and mass culture. Acrylic paints allowed to describe the average life of people, clear images reflected the view of the artists of the modern life.
Since the second half of the 1960s to the beginning of the 1970s, Richard Estes and Chuck Close in America and Malcolm Morley in England created a web which was based only on photographs. Huge portraits were inimitably like pictures, at the same time the audience was just mesmerized masterfully executed images.
Since the beginning of the 1970s artists returned to the specific forms of scenic images and started to use special technic. One of them worked and painted real people, addressing the topics of recent German history. Such works were marked with unique ideas. In Britain, Alan Charlton painted monochrome paintings with characteristic acryl smooth matte surface.
Nowadays, from the 1990s, acrylic painting on canvas is again reinforced the symbolic trends related to personal, social, and creative inquiry.
Which technic should be used with in this style?
Acrylic paints are water based and do not require any special diluents. Paint does not turn yellow and does not cause allergies. They have both the properties of watercolor and oil. Like any other technic, there are own possibilities in acrylic art. When working with acrylic, people can use a variety and different kinds of technic successfully to combine them in one picture. In general painted with acrylic paints pictures may be indistinguishable from a watercolor or oil ones. Sometimes it happens that a certain pattern has its own unique and inimitable color reproduction, which is almost impossible to repeat with the help of another technic. It is not difficult to learn to paint especially if you are already familiar with oil or watercolor. But people should keep in mind that acrylic paint dries very quickly. For example, while you’re excitedly waving a brush, you can expect a “disappointment” in the palette in the form of dried paint. However, even during the “swinging” brush you will see how the paint has been drying. That’s why for someone it is a distinct advantage over other paints, and for some other people it is solid inconvenience. But you need only act correctly. So in this article we will tech everyone how to paint pictures in acrylic art.
Well, everyone knows that a well-organized place has a positive effect on the process of creativity. Comfortable working place allows not only working comfortably, but also saving time. For the organization of the workplace we recommend observing the simple rules that will help to focus on the good work. There are many features, but we want you to remember the next ones.
- The scattered and even illumination, which is the most optimal for the work;
- Make sure that the lighting of the canvas plane and the model does not change dramatically throughout the day;
- Light on the canvas should fall from the left side;
- Artificial light should not blind artist.
Marketing principles acrylic painting
So we have to remember to keep in mind that acrylic dries quickly, so there is no time to relax when you start to paint acrylic on canvas. It is better and easier to start all your drawings with diluted acrylic art which is called “wet.” Only watercolor paper must be pre-moisten with a water and warm stretch on the tablet, cementing wet edge masking tape.
You can also use other technic and use diluted acrylic paints on the dry surface, but it is still better to moisturize it. It will be much easier to paint if you take brushed in both hands, the first actually takes the paint, and the second (clean or wet) will remove the excess, to smooth the contours, correcting defects and soften color transitions. To pictures which are made by acrylic on canvas more depth, brilliance and expressiveness can be added, if is painted by layering paints one by one.
The important tips and nuances about acrylic paintings
Working with acrylic pasty, it happens that the result does not justify itself, such as the effect of oil, even if the acrylic is gloss. In theory, to rewrite over the dried layers can take a lot of time, but sometimes there are problems with paints therefore it is necessary to scrape the paint to the base. There are acrylic paints which do not have high transparency. In general, the need to develop individual methods through trial and error, then acrylic will “sparkle” in your hands!
Tips and tricks that will help in painting acrylic. When you need to seamlessly blend several paint to make acrylic on canvas, fast drying acrylic paints are not used and interfered, so there are a few tricky moments, which will increase the time when it dries. Soak brushes overnight in water. This will not waste precious moisture from the paint brush when it rapidly dries and becomes absorbed.
Before applying the paint to the canvas, sprinkle it with water using a spray bottle (important not to overdo!). In a little and often sprinkled during operation of the canvas. Use special additives and try your own technic that slow dries acrylic paints (oil). Palette also needs the moisture! But for this moment, there is one trick: use the special palette, which is placed at the bottom of the moistened foam.
You can make such a palette by your own. To do this, select any flat container with a lid, which lays at the bottom of a layer of wet wipes or toilet paper (soaked). Make sure that there is not too much water, napkins or paper should not break down. Cover the surface and dense and smooth sheet of tracing paper. It will be unmatched palette for your paints. We wish you good luck and hope that such tips will really help!