What is fine art? Everyone can ask this question, but not everyone will know the answer. Anyway in this article we want to give the pieces of information about the kinds of art styles which belong to the fine arts. Of course, it will be dedicated to the paintings. So let’s start.
Landscape is a type of paintings of nature or any terrain (forest, field, mountain, grove, city, etc.). Surrounding human, nature has long worried about it, admired its beauty and grandeur. This kind of art, reproducing natural or modified by human nature, is called landscape. The landscape is also called an artwork in this genre. Landscapes had been firstly appeared in the Neolithic period. In European art the landscape as an independent easel painting has been existed from the XVIII century. Before this landscapes were only like a background for thematic paintings or portraits. Depending on the nature, the landscape motif rural, urban, industrial landscape, marine one can be distinguished. A landscape may carry the historical, heroic, fantastic, lyrical, epic character. For example, landscapes are often referred to the "landscapes of mood". Paintings demonstrate the changing mood, anxiety, sorrow, anticipation, peace, joy etc. So the artist conveys a three-dimensional shape of objects generally, without careful attention to detail, with the help of awesome scenic spots. The landscape includes some basic elements: the earth's surface, human constructions, perspective view. The picture also may include: view of water (lakes, seas, rivers) and images of plants.
Portraits – are they also belonged to the fine art?
Yes, because these are the images of a persons produced by means of painting, engraving or sculpture, also a photographic image or a verbal description (in particular, in the literature). The portrait can be considered quite satisfactory when it is reproduced exactly according to the original, with all the features of person’s appearance and inner character of the individual, in his/her most familiar poses, with the most characteristic expression. Satisfaction of this requirement is included in the range of a work of art and can lead to highly artistic results.
Depending on the size of the paintings in the picturesque portraits head (when only the head is depicted at the shoulders), chest, waist, breast-high and full height ones are distinguished. In relation to the poses of presented figures the profile, "the face", in a three quarter turn to the right or to the left and portrait, where a person from the back is depicting, so only visible is one part of the profile are distinguished.
The same division exists for portraits which are made by pencils, painted with watercolors, engraved and fashioned high or low relief (e.g. on the medals and coins). Sculptural portraits made in the form busts (head and upper torso) and statues (the whole figure, from head to toes). Depending on the assignment, the specific character of a performance there are also easel paintings (busts, graphic works) and monumental (monument, sculpture, fresco, mosaic), public and intimate, by number of characters — individual, pairs (double) and group. A specific type of portrait is a self-portrait.
What about the still life?
Still life is one of the genres of art styles, mainly in painting. In the still life paintings only the everyday ordinary things, inanimate objects are depicted. This can be a variety of food, housewares, books, figurines, etc. All living and natural becomes in a still life inanimate and dead. So it is equivalent to the usual things. So, to become the subjects of still life paintings fruit should be picked, animals and birds should be killed, fishes, sea animals should be caught, flowers should be cut. Things in the still life paintings are purposefully grouped in the uniform environment, forming the world of artificial reality to a greater or lesser extent transformed by person. The artist depicts things "from nature", as they are located in the interior, and combines them in accordance with the semantic and art task.
In the still life things are shown in a stationary state, they stay in conditional timeless space. Characterizing a still life in general for the fine arts from an aesthetic point of view it can be argued that such features as the significance of the increase in a semantic rank, timelessness, conviviality, glorification, exoticism, monumentalism, solemnity, splendor, dynamism, etc. testify to the fact that the leading aesthetic category here is sublime. It is quite often combined with fine and dramatic. Categories are comic and tragicones, which are not typical for this genre.
One more point
Household paintings are engaged in scenes of public and private life. Household painting captures the huge scope and variety of relations between people with all their passions as they manifest themselves in reality and not in fiction. The artistic value of this kind of products has got a big value, and big talents have lots of opportunities to demonstrate and to emphasize their intentions with the help of household painting. Long-established custom in fine arts means not to portray the actors of everyday events in their natural size. First, it was prompted that idea that only events that have received historical notoriety or significance, worthy of playing on big canvases or walls with shapes in the natural growth. Subsequently, the artists from time to time protested against this depreciation of the current reality, depicting figures of everyday values at full length. In some cases, such increasing of the figures is not worried about aesthetic sense, in other - the big picture wins nothing in front of smallone with the same content, and finally, sometimes the small size is clearly more profitable for a household topic. In this case all mandatory rules can be taken into account for common use.
We hope now you are good in the question “what is fine art” and which kinds it has in paintings.